Retorička moć uvjeravanja u Ciceronovom govoru Pro Milone (Za Milona) / Persuasive rhetoric in Cicero’s speech Pro Milone
Keywords:rhetoric, analysis, discourse, predication, persuasiveness, argumentation, perspectivization, nominalization, mitigation/intensification, critical analysis
Rhetoric in Ancient Rome was a very specific type of discourse construction used to shape, present, and interpret specific works of individuals and then present them to critics. Depending on the perspective of the orator, defense counsel, or plaintiff, discourse strategies were aimed at legitimizing or delegitimizing a specific act. Words and wise acts of a skillful orator, which Cicero was renowned for, were often as powerful as weapons; they not only uncovered the intentions and objectives of participants in a given situation, but they reflected the social and political image of Rome, including the context of the event. The paper presents one of the possible methods of analyzing Cicero’s speeches made for the defense of Milo, a notable Roman charged for the murder of aristocrat Clodius Pulcher. It is based on the discourse-historical approach of R. Wodak and M. Reisigl. It is a qualitative analysis focused on the linguistic construction of the defense of the defendant at a trial. The analysis will show the discourse constructions produced under the influence of a set of specific social factors, in this case, the political environment in Rome, the ideological affiliation of speakers, and the main discussion participants – Milo and Pulcher, their political roles, and the degree of formality. The paper’s theoretical framework is a critical analysis of the discourse.
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